June 29, 2005, The Associated Press as reported by CropChoice.com:
A Senate committee on Wednesday approved a trade agreement
with Latin American nations, moving Congress a step closer to a
decision on an accord that may have minimal effects on the U.S.
economy but is of considerable political import to the Bush administration.
The Finance Committee approved the agreement by a voice vote, although
it was closely divided on the issue. The bill now goes to the full
Senate for a vote as early as this week. Passage in the Senate,
traditionally more sympathetic to trade agreements, could give the
measure some momentum in the House, where there is stiffer opposition.
The Central American Free Trade Agreement, or CAFTA, would end
trade barriers now encountered by U.S. goods in Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic. It also
would ease investment rules, strengthen protections for intellectual
property and, according to supporters, solidify economic and democratic
stability in the region.
But the agreement has run into vigorous opposition from labor groups,
and their Democratic allies, who say its provisions on labor rights
are weak, and from the U.S. sugar industry, which claims that an
increase in Central American imports, while small, could open the
door to ruin.
Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., a key undecided vote on the Finance
Committee, announced he was supporting the pact after the administration
answered some of his concerns about the "serious lack of attention
to the enforcement of worker rights."
He said he had pledges of $160 million over four years to promote
labor and environmental laws. The administration also told him it
will spend $150 million over five years to help subsistence farmers
in three Central American countries who might be displaced by an
increase in U.S. agriculture imports.
The Bush administration has waged a relentless lobbying effort
in the past month. President Bush invited all six CAFTA presidents
to the White House and hailed the agreement in several recent speeches
to Hispanic-American and other groups. U.S. Trade Representative
Rob Portman and Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns are constantly
on Capitol Hill, talking to undecided lawmakers.
Johanns met Monday with senators and representatives of the sugar
industry, and again on Tuesday with lawmakers, to discuss proposals
to assure that CAFTA will not undermine the industry's future viability.
Those plans included the government buying up increased sugar cane
imports from Central America to be used in the production of ethanol.
Republican Sen. Craig Thomas, whose state of Wyoming has a large
sugar beet industry, told the Finance Committee that "it distresses
me a little" that only now, when a final vote on CAFTA is looming,
is the administration getting serious about the sugar issue.
But Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., suggested that there could be repercussions
for the industry, always well-protected by Congress, if it succeeded
in scuttling the agreement. "This could be devastating to them
if not handled right," he said.
The top Democrat on the committee, Sen. Max Baucus of sugar beet-growing
Montana, opposes CAFTA, breaking with his usual support of trade
In addition to saying that the agreement was bad for the sugar
industry, he criticized the administration for rejecting a proposal
to help U.S. service industry workers who lose their jobs because
of foreign competition and for not consulting more with Congress.
"They appear to want to win by the thinnest of margins,"