A cheese from any other region is not Parmesan
German cheese to find another name

April 7, 2004, just-food.com: The European Commission has sent its final warning to the German Government admonishing their continued use of the name “Parmesan” to market certain cheeses. Parmesan or Parmigiano Reggiano as it is know in France has a protected designation of origin (PDO) status. Use of the name is by EU law exclusively reserved to producers within a certain geographical area in Italy who make the cheese in line with a binding specification. The warning calls on Germany to give full protection to this PDO within its territory.

Under the European legislation on PDOs and protected geographical indications (PGIs), member states are required to protect registered names against any misuse or imitation, even if the true origin of the product is indicated or the name is translated. Parmigiano Reggiano has been registered as a protected name since 1996.

“Cheeses not made in line with the Parmigiano Reggiano specification continue to be sold in German territory under the name "Parmesan", which in the eyes of the Commission is a translation through French of Parmigiano Reggiano,” the Commission said.