Separate takes on communal living

February 10, 2005: Kibbutz and Moshav are types of communal agricultural communities in Israel. Kibbutizm was started around the turn of the twentieth century by a group of people who felt that by pooling their collective knowledge they may be able to avoid some of the mistakes of earlier generations.

In a Kibbutz all the land and almost everything else, including meals, is shared. According to the article “What is a Kibbutz and Moshav in Israel?” residents of the Kibbutz do not receive salaries but they are given housing and other necessities, including medical services and education. There are currently 230 Kibbutz representing less than four percent of the Israeli population. Kibbutizm are highly respected for their scientific work in agriculture.

In a Moshav residents maintain a much more independent spirit. While, the purchasing and selling of products is done collectively and the Moshav provides a common educational and cultural experience, there is individual ownership of land and for the most part members eat separate meals and maintain separate lives.

This article was written with the help of “What is a Kibbutz and Moshav in Israel?”